Laminectomy, also referred to as a decompression, is the surgical removal of the lamina (hard covering of the spinal canal). Laminectomy is typically preformed on individuals who have been diagnosed with spinal stenosis. In some cases, a laminectomy might be performed during a repair of disk herniation. Removal of the lamina enlarges the spinal canal area, relieving pressure on nearby nerves. A six- to 12-week recovery period is typical after a laminectomy. Compartment syndrome of the lower legs, or chronic exertional compartment syndrome, is a condition that causes pain in the lower leg muscles during exercise. Several tests are used to diagnose compartment syndrome. For those who have fallen arches, they should know that the effects of the condition will slowly develop over time; some of these conditions are detrimental to overall health while others are amendable. These consequences include long term joint problem, back pain, imbalance, knee pain, heel spurs, arch pain, painful and awkward way of walking and even looking for footwear may become difficult. These consequences however do not manifest themselves together and at times there are those lucky individuals who do not have to suffer any of these despite their condition. VASYLI products align the central three (3) metatarsal shafts using a inbuilt 5mm met raise to correctly position and maintain the Metatarsal bone position. By balancing the weight distribution over the five (5) metatarsal bones, this helps remove excess weight & friction which commonly causes the callous and burning sensation. Commonly assocciated with Metatarsalgia (see previous ccondition ), this condition is generally caused by entrapment of the interdigital nerve lying between the third and fourth metatarsal bones. Ball of Foot Pain (Morton's Neuroma) exhibits similar symptoms to Metatarsalgia, but may also cause numbness, tingling and discoloration of the third and fourth (lesser) toes. If you have fallen arches, sometimes referred to as flat feet, it indicates that the normal posture in the middle of your foot is no longer curved properly. The medical expression for this condition is pes planus. You can have this condition and don’t have any symptoms. Gone down arches can lead to foot pain and ft fatigue. If it modifies the way you walk you might eventually develop knee, hip and low lower back pain as well. Your ft may lose typical range of motion making it tough to rise up onto your foot. In some cases, your feet could become swollen. Besides wearing an Orthotic, wearing supportive shoes with plenty of "motion control" would also help. These special shoes incorporate 'motion control' by placing arch support and firm heel counters to stabilize the heel and ankle during the walking cycle. Having side posts for extra lateral support also reduce over-pronation. The inner mid-soles protect the ankles and knees from lateral stress, while the inner side of the mid-sole, made of a denser material helps reduce the amount of pronation. A heavy person who over-pronates will need a heavier, more supportive shoe than a light person with the same degree of pronation. Orthotic is a branch of health that is involved with the designing of gadgets used to reinforce and restore the role of the limb. These gadgets are known as orthoses. They are meant for use by people with medical and physical abnormalities of their feet which give them pain and irritation when they are wearing ordinary shoes and standing for longer times. This footwear works by manipulating the ground-foot contact as the person walks or stands. Patients may be overweight. A typical scenario is a middle-aged person who suddenly increases their activity level. It is a common disorder in runners and hikers. Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure that treats unsightly varicose veins and so-called spider veins by shrinking them. Patients commonly wear compression stockings following sclerotherapy to promote healing. In June 2007, the "Journal of Vascular Surgery" reported that healing with compression stockings worn for three weeks after sclerotherapy achieved greater masking of veins than without stockings. Range of motion determines how far your joints can be moved in a particular direction. Having your patient perform range of motion exercises every day can increase flexibility in his or her joints, and reduce stiffness. Some patients can perform range of motion exercises without help, while others will need the assistance of a caregiver. This puts a lot of strain on the leg muscles (especially the calf muscles), causing aching legs and shin splints. Also, the twisting of the lower leg displaces the patella (knee cap). The knee is a hinge joint, designed to flex and extend (like a door, if you like). It’s not designed to rotate! Too many shoes these days are using soft materials all-around the shoes and are very ‘floppy’ giving no support or stability whatsoever. In summer, many people wear open footwear such as sandals and flip-flops which are even worse in biomechanical terms.